Ear Disease - Types and Cures

Ayurveda for Ear Disease

Ayurveda for Ear Disease

Image: Ayurveda for Ear Disease

 Ear Disease - Types and Cures

Ear disease can cause great discomfort, pain in the ear and its severely may cause hearing loss. Ear diseases are of various types and if not treated in time can lead to severe pain and/or complete loss of hearing. This in turn can hamper your working capabilities, skills and  pose problems in your daily activities. Complication such as deafness, meningitis, brain disorders and facial nerve paralysis can also occur. Treating ear discomfort on time is a must.

 The ear is comprised of three vital parts: outer, middle and inner. All of them are used for hearing. The sound waves are received by the outer ear and then reaches the middle ear where the eardrums vibrate and these vibrations are transmitted by three small bones called the ossicles that are present in the middle ear. Then these vibration go to the snail shaped inner ear and are sent to the brain by the inner ear. It’s the brain that recognizes and understands the sounds.

 Numerous conditions can affect the ear. Ear infections is the most common ear ailment in small children and infants. Tinnitus is the condition where you get a roaring vibration in the ear, it can be caused by sudden loud noise, medicinal side effects or some other disease. Meniere’s disease is also a type of ear disease that is caused by fluid deposit in the inner ear.

 Ear Infection

A painful ear infection is known as acute otitis media which affects the middle ear and is mostly caused by a bacterial or viral infection or protracted cold and cough. Children and infants are highly susceptible to ear infection then adults. Frequent ear infections can be very painful due to the inflammation inside the ear and the fluid build-up.

If the child is small and cannot speak , then these are the signs to look out for  an ear infection-

  • Tugging the ear constantly
  • Fever
  • Constant crying and being irritated at all times
  • Fluid discharge from the ear
  • Troubled Sleep
  • Lack of appetite
  • Hearing problem

 Ear infections usually go on their own but in infants and children treatment is needed for managing the pain and controlling the infection. Ear infections in infants often require antibiotics. But when the ear infection persists for a long time whether in children or in adults it needs to be treated as persistent and frequent ear infection that can cause hearing problems and other serious complications.

 Ear Pain

Pain in the ear can occur due to numerous causes.

Severe middle ear infection, known as otitis media, is most commonly found in children but can affect adults too. Since children have a smaller auditory tube than adults it is easier for the tube to become clogged during a prolonged cold or cough and thus develop ear ache more easily. The anatomy of the child’s  auditory tube can put him at a higher risk for developing ear pains.

Ruptured ear drum is a common cause of ear pain. The ear drum parts the middle ear from the outer ear. A ruptured ear drum can occur either by an auditory injury, due to long term exposure to very loud noise; an injury, like a  damage from a cotton swab or other object being inserted in the ear; or sometimes while scuba diving or flying.

Swimmer's ear is another cause of ear pain. This is  an infection of the outer ear, and is quite painful. The symptoms of this  condition are pain, redness, itchiness and scaly flaking skin.

One more cause of ear pain is Perichondritis. This is  typically  caused  due to some trauma to the outer ear from an accident or from ear piercing. Perichondritis can also be caused by ear surgery.

 Hearing Disorder and Deafness

Hearing disorder or deafness is a very serious condition as it hampers your hearing capability and thus your day to day life. Hearing disorders make hearing difficult and deafness  can completely affect your hearing capability.

Causes of Hearing  Disorder-

  • Loud noises -  a common cause of hearing loss is damage to the ear due to repeated exposure to loud noise over time.
  • Age -  Age is one of the biggest  cause of hearing loss. As a person gets older, hearing capacity depletes and this is known as age-related hearing loss or presbycusis.
  • Genetic hearing loss – some people may be born deaf or become deaf over time due to a genetic abnormality.
  • Viral Infection -  Severe infection of inner ear in diseases like mumps or measles can cause hearing  loss.
  • Other Ailments – Conditions like a severe stroke, encephalitis and Ménière's disease can also cause hearing loss.

Hearing loss is usually of three types: sensorineural, which results from a dysfunction of the auditory nerve leading up to the hearing centre in the brain; conductive, which results from a dysfunction of the middle ear; and a mixed type, which includes both sensorineural and conductive hearing loss.

Complete deafness is easy to recognize. Milder hearing loss may not be noticed right away, it often comes on gradually. If you notice that you need to turn the volume up on the radio or television, have difficulty understanding conversations, or need to ask people to repeat what they say, you may have hearing loss.

 Ayurveda for Ear Infection Hearing Loss

Sensorineural hearing loss can usually cured to a great extent with the  help of Ayurvedic herbal medicines.

Karnapooram is the Ayurvedcic treatment for ear infection and ear pain.  In this treatment, warm medicated oil is poured into the external ear canal and detained for a specific time. This is followed by massage around the ears and jaw area.

Ksheerabala (101) and  Anu Thaliam are two very effective Ayurvedic medicines for ear pain and ear infection.